GMOs – what is it and the dangerous products with it? And if not dangerous, then what benefits can they bring to a person? Does all products contain GMOs??

Apples с ГМО

About the myths and real facts of products with GMOs will be discussed in this article..

What is GMO

GMO is a genetically modified organism. GMO is engaged in the development of genetic engineering and with the help of special artificial methods makes changes in the genotype of the organism..

Such changes are most often made in the field of science, and the term “GMO” can be applied to plants, animals and microorganisms..

To date, the USA and Argentina are the leaders in the cultivation of GMO crops: about 70% of genetically modified products grow in the United States of America and about 25% in Argentina.

Researches of scientists showed that about 75% of imported products on the Russian market are genetically modified.

Benefit and harm

Despite the results of ongoing research by scientists and specialists, followed by the conclusion about the low probability of the presence of hazardous substances in products with GMOs, there is a lot of evidence, both in their favor and in favor of not using genetically modified products.

The beneficial aspects of GMOs include:

Goals ГМО

  1. The use of GMOs in the agricultural industry increases the percentage of plants that are resistant to pests, insects and diseases, which affects the final quantity of the products obtained;
  2. Plants with GMOs are resistant to high and low temperatures, which makes it possible to adapt previously unsuitable lands for growing many crops;
  3. The use of GMOs allows you to improve the composition of plants, add them useful properties;
  4. GMO-ready products for human consumption have brighter taste characteristics compared to products without their use;
  5. GMO foods stay fresh for a long time;
  6. The use of GMOs allows you to solve problems with the delivery and direct distribution of food in regions where it is lacking;
  7. Genetically modified food has an improved chemical composition, due to which many products can be used as medicines. For example, there is a special type of rice – golden, in which, thanks to British scientists, the composition of vitamin “A” is exceeded by almost 20 times, which allows you to fight vitamin A deficiency, which is so common in developing countries.

There are also many who refuse to use genetically modified organisms in favor of ordinary ones, citing the following arguments: Unpredictable эффект от употребления ГМО

  1. Unpredictable effect from the use of GMO products. An example is the cultivation of potatoes with the snowdrop genotype introduced for resistance to pests. Due to the modification, the potato harvest is rich, but at the same time all products are saturated with plant lectins, which in turn have an adverse effect on the immune system, kidneys, liver, intestines;
  2. The emergence of environmental catastrophe through the penetration of GMO plants into the natural environment;
  3. The occurrence of allergic reactions in humans to products that have not previously caused it. For example, in the chemical composition of a tomato there is a fish gene, but at the same time it is so small that the human body with fish allergy simply does not feel it. In the event of an increase in the presence of the fish gene in the same tomato, allergies will have to remove another product from your diet;
  4. Constant use of GMO products leads to the development of a stable reaction to the action of antibiotics, which means that in a crisis situation when taking antibiotics is necessary, they may simply not act and stabilize a person’s condition..

Also, our legislation does not regulate the issue of informing the public about the sale of GMO products, which means that shops not only can, they sell them without special signs, and a person opposing their use will be able to understand about the presence of GMOs in the purchased product only through their own daily observations.

How are genetically modified foods created?

Creature ГМО

Like any process, the creation of genetically modified products has several stages:

  1. Isolation of a separate gene using special equipment;
  2. The introduction of the selected gene into a nucleic acid molecule (in most cases, DNA) for the subsequent transfer of genetic material to the cells of another organism. To insert a gene into a nucleic acid molecule, 2 enzymes are used – restrictase and ligase. With the help of the first it becomes possible to divide the nucleic acid molecule into parts, and with the help of ligas, on the contrary, it is possible to combine its parts into one whole, and the parts can be combined in different sequences, creating a large number of new genes;
  3. Transferring to the body, which must be modified. In the case when the modifications are subject to single-celled organisms or multicellular organisms of plants, this stage can be called the moment of cloning: all organisms that have already been modified and leave the “pure” composition are eliminated. If the goal is to obtain a multicellular organism, then cells with a modified genotype are used for vegetative propagation of plants;
  4. Transformation of cells of a modified organism;
  5. Screening of GMOs that did not show positive results after modification.
It should be said that modifications are exclusively plants, because genetic transformations make it possible to grow an entire plant from 1 single cell, i.e. clone. At the same time, animal cloning in the modern world is impossible..

Therefore, if an attractive inscription “Does not contain GMOs” flaunts in a store on pork or beef, then a reasonable person should have doubts about the competence of the management and salespeople of this organization, which means that you should also look at other products with attractive appeals..

What products are GMOs?

On the territory of Russia, there are a number of laws that regulate the importation, production and research of genetically modified products. In particular, there is a list of products that is approved for use in our country:

  • Soy. It is part of a huge number of products, including sunflower oil and margarine, mayonnaise products and sauces for salads, sausages and pasta. For some manufacturers, soy is included in infant formula instead of dry milk;
  • Potatoes. Absolutely all its varieties can be included here: chips, dry mashed potatoes, crackers, etc .;
  • Corn. The most common 100% modified product is popcorn;
  • Vegetables and fruits. These include tomatoes, peppers, strawberries and many others, which are brought to us from other countries;
  • Rice and its varieties (flour, cereal, etc.);
  • Semi-finished products;
  • Carbonated drinks (Pepsi, Coca-Cola. Fanta, 7up @ and others);
  • Sugar beet.
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Superficially, it is sometimes quite difficult to determine whether a product contains GMOs or not. But it is possible.

When choosing, you should not give preference to “ideal” products: on the counter you can often see, for example, tomatoes of the same color and size, resembling each other’s clones, about which one can say “one to one”. This product accurately contains GMOs..

It is also worth paying attention to the country of the exporter: Russia imports almost all the fruits and vegetables, which means it can be said with confidence about their previous genetic modification..

Many opponents refuse to buy in stores, preferring to make them with grandmothers on the market. But here, too, you need to be careful: products with GMOs are not ready-made, but already originally created.

And all the beautiful and real grandmothers potatoes can be grown with the help of seeds of transgenic varieties..

Black list of manufacturers of such products

According to the authoritative organization Greenpeace, the following can be classified as producers of GMO products:

  • Heinz;
  • Coca-Cola;
  • PepsiCo;
  • Cola;
  • Mars;
  • Cadbury;
  • Unilever;
  • Daria Semifinished Products Limited Liability Company;
  • Klinsky Meat Processing Plant Limited Liability Company;
  • Meat processing plant “Tagansky”;
  • Meat-processing plant “KampoMos”;
  • Closed Joint Stock Company “Vichunai”;
  • Limited Liability Company MLM-RA;
  • Limited Liability Company “Talosto-products”;
  • Bogatyr Sausage Factory limited liability company;
  • Limited Liability Company “ROS Mari Ltf”.

Myths and Facts

  • GMO foods cause cancer.

ResearchThis myth originated and spread at lightning speed thanks to the experiment conducted by French scientists..

They carried out scientific studies on rats, where part of them were fed grain with GMOs, the second part was treated with herbicide with genetically modified corn, and the third part was with ordinary grain..

The result of the study showed that the first two groups of rats within 2 years died from the appearance of tumors in the liver and kidneys. For the sake of truth, it is worth saying that those rats who ate ordinary grain also died from tumors formed in other organs..

The experiment can be considered unsuccessful already only because the type of experimental was poorly chosen – all the rats of this variety initially tended to form tumors in their bodies..

Nevertheless, the first part of the information was opposed to GMO products quickly enough and smashed around the world..

  • Genetically modified foods are dangerous to humans..

Or perhaps dangerous, or not at all dangerous. In order to determine the degree of danger of such products, it is necessary to conduct a study with a length of 40-50 years.

The study should take place in ideal conditions, i.e. The test subject must be fed only with one type of food with GMOs, for example, only genetically modified tomatoes. And this experimental should be a man.

Needless to say, to date, there is not a single person who has agreed to such an experiment and, accordingly, research that would have been conducted in this way.?

  • Large stores are trying to cash in on customers selling GMO products.

Products с ГМО в магазине

In this way, not only large networks, but also small entrepreneurs are making money..

In the food market, competitiveness is now more important than ever, and therefore not only large, but also small entrepreneurs are struggling for a “place in the sun” using the same methods of growing products..

  • Gene exchange harms plants.

In truth, the exchange of genes occurs in nature constantly, without the knowledge of man, and the name of this process is “evolution”.

  • All civilized countries have banned the use of products with GMOs..

This statement is true only if the starving countries of Africa are considered civilized due to the lack of food as such. All other countries use “cheap” food..

Conclusion

Today it is impossible to say with certainty whether GMO products are harmful or useful..

Neither research nor scientific evidence on this issue has been carried out and expressed..

Therefore, it is only the individual who can decide whether to eat GMO foods or not..