On the issue of buying and planting seeds of cucumbers should be approached correctly, based on the fact that there are several thousand kinds of vegetables with commercial characteristics.
Even an experienced grower can find it difficult to sort out the variety and choose the best..
It is recommended not to experiment, purchase only proven seeds, and plant new items in small areas..
To get a good harvest, you need to be guided by suitable regional climatic conditions, decide on what kind of soil is designed for planting – greenhouse or open, and, most importantly, choose good vegetable seeds.
External differences of cucumber varieties: learn to choose
Starting planting Zelentsov you need, first of all, to decide which types are suitable for salads, and which – for salting.
By determining the purpose of the crop, you can easily make the right choice of seeds..
They are divided into early, medium and late crops, differing in color, shape and size of the vegetable, which are divided into the following groups:
- salad (a short shelf life after harvest; when salting for the winter, they lose their color, but they make excellent salted cucumbers; good for fresh use);
- universal (suitable for use in any form – for salads, canning, pickling);
- canning (have a thin peel; unusual shape);
- pickling (medium-sized, with dense pulp; well pass salt).
Before planting seeds should pay attention to the fact that not all types of crops are subject to conservation and not all are suitable for salting in the winter.
Salting and main categories of Zelentsov
When planting, preference is given to the last of the above – universal and canned cucumbers, with dense flesh, thin skin, high content of pectic substances.
They could not be better suited for pickling and will please the owners with strong, green, crunchy chunks!
The main varieties of pickles for salting, bringing good fruit:
- Crisp and others.
We plant cucumbers: external differences
You can distinguish pickling types from lettuce types with the naked eye – they are distinguished by pronounced external signs – a bumpy, knobby surface, black spikes, a cylindrical shape, a smooth color of a dark, green color, strong to the touch.
Their size varies from 13 to 15 cm, there are no internal voids, they contain a small amount of seeds and crisp dense pulp..
Multipurpose Cucumbers: Popular Types
Among many categories of vegetable crops, universal hybrid gherkin classes of cucumbers won the most popularity..
Their advantages are the following properties:
- resistance to adverse weather;
- fast growth;
- lack of bitterness;
- friendly harvest.
The universal are:
- Regina F1.
- Santana F1.
The most demanded among gardeners are standard, gherkin classes, well-proven for conservation:
- Delpina F1.
- Hector F 1.
- Sparta F1.
The time-tested, proven, high-yielding varieties were excellent and undeniable:
Salad hybrids: worthy benefits
Salad types of Zelentsi are distinguished by juicy, fragrant, crunchy fruits, accumulated pectins, carbohydrates, with a high content of sugar, with a thin, delicate skin, soft cell walls, appearance (they are usually elongated and thin).
Due to these differences, early lettuce cucumbers are not recommended to be salted for the winter, but used in salads or in lightly salted form..
There are universal hybrids and classes that “showed themselves from the positive side” in all regions.
Special salted cucumbers are obtained from such hybrids as:
- Zozulya and others that can grow in greenhouses, soil, heated and unheated conditions. They bear fruit well, give a rich harvest.
Of these varieties, the following should be preferred:
- Tais F1 and others.
None of the types of greens can match the F1 hybrids – they all have tremendous vitality: they ripen early, fruit abundantly, have little susceptibility to pests and diseases.
The best seeds – successful acquisition
It is difficult to distinguish among the best varieties of pickles for salting – the best.
Leaders among all vegetable crops are those that have spinousness..
There are green leaves with white, black and brown spikes.
The first are not suitable for pickling, varieties of cucumber cucumbers and third – are universal.
The only drawback – they quickly overripe and turn yellow, so you need to take a young crop on time.
This type of cucumber is unpretentious in cultivation, resistant to external diseases, barren almost absent.
Fruits from the beginning of June to frosts in September.
Differ in taste – fragrant, dense, do not contain bitterness.
An important criterion for selecting the best varieties is the method of pollination of a flower..
Here the difference between parthenocarpic, capable of forming fruits without pollination, and self-pollinated varieties of pickles for salting – with the help of insects.
The first are planted in greenhouses, the second – in open ground.
Having considered only a few of the thousands of varieties, it is important to note: cucumbers are “capricious” people: having planted even the best seeds in the world, you cannot achieve high yields if they do not have proper care.!
If you are confused, then listen to another opinion, so to speak, from: