Dairy products have long occupied an honorable place in the diet of every person who is monitoring their health..
Thanks to the fermentation processes that form the basis for the preparation of such products, the nutrients and elements contained in them are absorbed more easily and quickly by the body, which undoubtedly benefits human health..
One of the most popular fermented milk products is kefir – the drink is not only refreshing, but also contains a huge amount of useful qualities..
The word “kef”, translated from Turkish, means “health”.
Kefir is a fermented milk product prepared on the basis of milk (whole or skimmed), with the addition of lactic acid bacteria – the so-called “kefir fungi”.
- Vitamins. 100 grams of kefir contains 0.7 mg of vitamin C, which boosts human immunity and has a beneficial effect on the circulatory and endocrine systems. Also included in this product are vitamins B1, B2, PP and provitamin A, also called carotene, an antioxidant that cleanses the body of toxic substances. In small quantities kefir contains vitamins B6, B9, B12, H .;
- Micro and macro elements. It is especially rich in calcium (120 mg per 100 grams of the product), which is not only beneficial for the health of teeth and bones, but also capable of maintaining normal blood cholesterol levels, improves blood clotting, and also plays an important role in ensuring the functioning of the pituitary, adrenal glands, pancreatic and thyroid gland. In addition, it contains potassium, a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, as well as magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, chlorine, sulfur, iron, fluorine and other useful elements;
- Water 88 (grams), proteins (on average, 3 grams per 100 grams of kefir), fats and carbohydrates (mono- and disaccharides). The energy value of kefir on average is 40-60 kcal per 100 grams of the product;
- In addition, kefir contains lactic bacteria (lactobacilli), yeast-like microorganisms and alcohol..
The content in this fermented milk product ethyl alcohol raises a lot of questions and contradictions.
There is an opinion that you should not drink it before driving..
And in some sources you can find information that giving this drink to a child, parents raise an alcohol-dependent person..
Let’s try to make out in more detail what is the role of ethyl alcohol in kefir.
To begin with, it refers to the products of mixed (lactic acid and alcohol) fermentation, i.e. carbon dioxide, volatile acids and alcohol are formed from lactic sugar along with lactic acid, which increases the digestibility of the product.
Ethyl alcohol is a natural product formed in the process of metabolism in the body, and even if a person did not take alcohol, alcohol is still present in the blood and liver in small quantities..
The content of this substance in kefir is also insignificant, not more than 0.05%, therefore the presence of ethyl alcohol in this product can in no way cause alcohol dependence..
In addition, it should be noted that kefir is not the only product containing ethyl alcohol..
It is also present in cheese, bread, fruits, including apples and grapes, which are actively used in baby food, and even in breast milk of women..
For those who are still afraid of the content of ethyl alcohol in this product, we can recommend to choose for themselves the most fresh product, because over time, the amount of alcohol in kefir increases.
Analysis of the composition of this fermented milk product, in comparison with other fermented milk products, allows, without exaggeration, to put this drink first in terms of its beneficial properties..
First of all, kefir has a beneficial effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract, normalizes digestion and metabolism..
In addition, this fermented milk product brings tangible benefits in combating diseases of the endocrine cardiovascular, nervous system, improves the condition of bone tissue, and is also actively used as a cosmetic.
More information about the benefits of kefir for the body:
- Using it to normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to contraindications, which are described in more detail below, kefir is useful, and sometimes it is simply necessary for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. This drink is indispensable in the fight against dysbiosis, as it fights against putrefactive bacteria in the human body, and in general cleans the body from toxic substances. Recommended constant use of kefir in gastritis with low acidity. In addition, this product acts as a prophylactic against diseases of the digestive system, and also helps the body cope with “heavy” food;
- The benefits of kefir for the cardiovascular system. This drink has a positive effect on the main blood-forming organ – the liver, thereby improving the composition of the blood. It also helps to maintain normal cholesterol levels in the blood, removing “bad” cholesterol from the body. Those who suffer from hypertension are recommended to use kefir with cinnamon, which acts as a sedative and stabilizing agent;
- Application for the treatment of diabetes and pancreatic diseases. Daily use of kefir helps to normalize blood sugar levels. Therefore, those who suffer from such diseases are advised to drink a glass at bedtime;
- The usefulness of this product for the nervous system. Kefir is known as a sedative. It helps to combat stress, depression and other neurotic reactions;
- It can act as an anti-allergic agent. Ingestion prevents allergies to flowering plants, and compresses with this drink help with allergic rashes on the skin;
- The effect of kefir on the digestive and metabolic processes in the body makes it an excellent tool in the fight against obesity, so dietitians recommend adding this product to your diet;
- This dairy product, serves as a popular cosmetic. Masks with the addition of this product effectively nourish the skin, increase its elasticity, improve complexion and remove unwanted pigmentation. This drink is also useful for hair. It strengthens the roots, gives the hair shine and eliminates dandruff;
- Regular consumption of kefir maintains a person’s immunity at a high level, and also helps fight chronic fatigue, which is especially important for urban residents..
Which kefir is healthier: fatty or fat free?
In this matter, the points of view of specialists differ. But you should know that if your goal is to lose weight, then, of course, you should give preference to low-fat yogurt, as it will undoubtedly bring you more benefits than harm..
It has significantly fewer calories, in addition, this drink better removes toxic and harmful substances from the body. To obtain nutrients and elements from it, it is recommended to choose a fatty product, since it is he who will bring the greatest benefit..
Kefir can do both good and bad.
It is not recommended:
- People suffering from diseases such as gastritis (with increased acidity), pancreatitis, gastric or duodenal ulcer;
- Those who have a tendency to digestive disorders;
- People who are allergic to milk proteins;
- As a cosmetic, kefir is not suitable for people with dry skin..
And, of course, we should not forget that in all you need to know the measure.
The daily rate of this product is 200-400 g.
If you follow these simple rules, this product will bring only benefits and health to your body..