Poor quality food in supermarkets, failure to comply with the regime, frequent snacks by various fast foods – all this and much more can lead to such an unpleasant disease as pancreatitis..

Sparing диета при панкреатите поджелудочной железы

Pancreatitis is an affliction that leads to disruption of the pancreas. But the pancreas is mainly involved in digestion.

In the process of digestion, this organ produces a high level of digestive enzymes, thanks to which all nutrients are absorbed..

In addition, this body is responsible for the production of insulin, and with its insufficient level, diabetes can develop as a result. But in order for this not to occur, you should follow a special diet, which we will discuss in more detail..

Rules of clinical nutrition: what is impossible with this ailment?

Nutrition for pancreatitis in the first place should be aimed at improving the work of the pancreas, liver and gallbladder. It is proper nutrition that will help to fully normalize the activities of these organs, and improve well-being..

In addition, during this meal should follow the rules:

  1. Be sure to eat food that is steamed. In this state, the food is much healthier and brings more essential substances into the body;
  2. A day should eat at least 5 times. Each serving should not be too large;
  3. Eat foods should be in a shabby or semi-liquid state;
  4. Cooked food should not be too hot or too cold. Consumed products should have an average temperature;
  5. All kinds of cereals – oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina need to cook only on the water. And then grind to a liquid state.

Table with forbidden products:

Banned products for pancreatitis
Smoked products bacon, lard, fish
Sweets sweets, granulated sugar, jam, marmalade
Various sausages boiled, smoked, dried, salami
Baking and Pastry pies, buns, cakes, pies, rolls with cream and so on
Chocolate white, black, bitter, milky
Alcoholic drinks vodka, wine, brandy, whiskey, rum, liquor and so on
Juices berry and fruit with high acidity
Fat Products
Salt it is better to reduce salt intake, it should be added to dishes immediately after preparation
Condiments and Spices

Pancreatitis Pancreas Diet

Basic principles:

  1. Complete exclusion of unhealthy and heavy food, fast food;
  2. It is strictly forbidden to eat gourmet, salty, spicy dishes, as well as pickles and canned food, mayonnaise, sauces, greasy gravy;
  3. Do not eat carbonated drinks, store salads, pastries, muffins, confectionery;
  4. Discard products with a long shelf life on the package. It contains a high level of preservatives;
  5. The basis of nutrition should be protein products..

Also diet food for pancreatitis depends on how the dish is made:

  1. Meat and fish. These products should be boiled or steamed. You can make meatballs or meatballs from meat, but without adding bread, semolina, eggs;
  2. Cottage cheese. It is allowed to eat cottage cheese with low fat content, and also not sour. Casseroles can be made from it;
  3. There must be a non-sour ryazhenka, kefir, sour milk in the menu;
  4. It is allowed to consume cheese products.. The main thing that the cheese was not too fat and spicy; Dairy продукция
  5. Sour cream, cream, butter is allowed, but in small quantities. These components need to be added to already prepared dishes..
  6. Porridge and pasta. You can eat pasta, pasta, noodles, porridge. They should be boiled in water or low-fat milk. Among the cereals, it is allowed to eat buckwheat, semolina, oatmeal, rice;
  7. Bread. Grain products can be consumed from wheat flour and in dried form, or yesterday;
  8. Fruits and berries. Fruits should be eaten ripe, soft and preferably not acidic. Apples need to be eaten only in baked form. You can also make compotes from dried fruit, fruit jelly and jelly without sugar or with a sugar substitute;
  9. Salt sugar. It is advisable to reduce salt intake, it is better to add it to an already prepared dish. Sugar should be completely eliminated; you can use a sugar substitute instead..

Sample menu for the week

The first meal – 7 options:

  • Oatmeal boiled in water, low-fat milk can be added after readiness;
  • Rice porridge in shabby form with milk;
  • Minced meat chops with mashed potatoes;
  • Fish cooked with carrot puree;
  • Steamed meat soufflé with oatmeal porridge;
  • Boiled fish and then baked with pasta and cheese, carrot puree.

The second meal – 7 types:

  • Kissel made from sweet fruit;
  • Soup in the form of mashed potatoes and carrots with croutons;
  • Soup in the form of mashed vegetables;
  • Cottage cheese with elevated calcium levels;
  • Apple souffle;
  • Pudding from carrots and apples;
  • Rice porridge with milk.

Food при панкреатите

The third reception:

  • Meatballs from meat with mashed potatoes;
  • Steamed protein omelette;
  • Low-fat cottage cheese with a high level of calcium;
  • Steamed soufflé with boiled buckwheat;
  • Steamed roll, steamed;
  • Boiled chicken meat with mashed potatoes;
  • Steamed protein omelette.

Fourth round:

  • Steamed meat steaks with rice porridge;
  • Soup with oatmeal, fish souffle, steamed with mashed potatoes;
  • Souffle from cottage cheese;
  • Meatballs from meat with porridge from oatmeal;
  • Vegetable soup;
  • Fruit jelly;
  • Omelette steamed.
Compote из черноплодкиPrepare a useful compote for yourself and your loved ones. Recipe and secrets of cooking blackberry compote. It will be unusual and tasty..

And here, read how to cook crumbly buckwheat on water, broth and milk in various ways..

What do you know about the technique called aerogrill? In this article you will learn about all the advantages of this kitchen assistant. Also there you will find delicious recipes..

The fifth reception:

  • Low-fat cottage cheese;
  • Steamed cottage cheese souffle;
  • Steamed meatballs with boiled vermicelli;
  • Omelette steamed with a high level of protein;
  • Cooked fish with mashed potatoes;
  • Sugar free kissel;
  • Meat chops with carrot puree.

Sixth trick (alternate):

  • A glass of kefir;
  • A glass of ryazhenka;
  • A glass of yogurt.

Drinks should be drunk:

  1. Weak tea;
  2. Natural compote without sugar;
  3. Still mineral water.

Recipes

Pasta and meat casserole

CasseroleWhat will be needed:

  • 400 grams of fine vermicelli;
  • 130 ml of milk;
  • Half a liter of water;
  • Meat (beef, low-fat pork, chicken) – 300-400 grams;
  • 2 chicken eggs;
  • Some salt;
  • Vegetable oil for lubrication.

How to do:

  1. Meat should be boiled in lightly salted water. Beef is cooked for 2 hours, chicken – 40-60 minutes;
  2. Cooked meat scrolls twice with a meat grinder;
  3. Put on the stove water with milk and bring to a boil. We pour vermicelli into it, boil it until readiness, we throw it back into a colander;
  4. The form is greased from all sides with vegetable oil;
  5. Lay the vermicelli layer on the bottom;
  6. Put the mince meat on top of the noodles;
  7. Chicken eggs break, mix and pour in the form of the other ingredients;
  8. Steam or bake in the oven for 15 minutes.

Pumpkin porridge

What is required:

  • 200 grams of peeled pumpkin;
  • Semolina – 1 large spoon;
  • A piece of butter;
  • Sweetener to your taste.

Pumpkin каша с манкой

How to cook:

  1. Peeled pumpkin cut into small slices, put in a container, pour water and put on the stove;
  2. As soon as the water boils, we pour the semolina into the tank and boil until cooked;
  3. After the pumpkin is ready, gently drain the water, knead everything with a fork to the state of mashed potatoes;
  4. Add in a puree a piece of butter, a sugar substitute and a bit of drained broth. We mix everything.

Exacerbation of the disease: subtleties, menus, dishes

Diet for acute pancreatitis is aimed at relieving the load of the pancreas..

During this period, two power options should be observed – strict and gentle..

A strict diet is prescribed for exacerbation of pancreatitis, it should be followed for 2 weeks..

After that, you can go on a sparing food, which you need to adhere to from 6 to 12 months.

Purpose врачаIn the first days after discharge from the hospital, the doctor prescribes fasting. It lasts from 2 to 4 days. These days should drink soda.

Then it is possible to enter foods with a high content of protein, carbohydrates and enzymes into the diet..

It is desirable to reduce the amount of salt. In the day you need to eat in 6 receptions..

Food should be liquid, all cereals, vegetables, fruits should be ground to a state of mashed potatoes..

Sample menu for the day:

  • 100 grams of porridge in water or skimmed milk;
  • A piece of casserole of vegetables (100 grams);
  • Steamed fishballs;
  • Vegetable soup;
  • A glass of green tea;
  • A glass of freshly squeezed carrot juice;
  • Glass of birch sap.

Dish recipes

Chicken Cream Soup

Components:

  • A slice of chicken meat – 130 grams;
  • 4th part of egg yolk;
  • 500 ml of vegetable broth;
  • Piece of butter.

How to do:

Chicken суп при панкреатите

  1. Boil chicken meat until tender, cool and cut into slices;
  2. Scroll the chicken with a meat grinder several times;
  3. For vegetable broth, you can use potatoes, cabbage, carrots, onions, parsley roots. All vegetables clean, chop and boil for 30-40 minutes;
  4. Next, remove the vegetables from the stove and insist under the lid for 10-15 minutes. Strain the broth;
  5. Then in the broth lay out the skipped meat and boil for 10-15 minutes;
  6. At the end add some salt and add butter.

Cottage cheese soufflé

Components for cooking:

  • 100 grams of cottage cheese;
  • 1 tsp of flour;
  • Egg – 1 piece;
  • Sweetener to your taste;
  • 300 grams of milk;
  • Piece of butter.

How to do:

  1. Cottage cheese is wiped through a sieve or meat grinder;
  2. Next, put the flour, yolk, sweetener in the mashed curd mass. We mix everything;
  3. Add milk and knead again;
  4. Thoroughly whip the protein into the foam and pour into the mixture;
  5. Lubricate the form with butter, spread the cheese mixture and boil for a couple.

Features of nutrition in chronic pancreatitis of the pancreas

Food for chronic pancreatitis should be balanced and complete, but at the same time not heavy for the pancreas. Caloric intake per day should be from 2000 to 2700 Kkall.

The menu should be based on low-fat protein foods. It is allowed to eat lean meats and fish, eggs in the form of protein omelet, liver, offal, cottage cheese, kefir, cereals.

Menu for the day with chronic pancreatitis should look like this:

  • In the morning you can eat porridge on the water (oatmeal, semolina, buckwheat), a piece of meat;
  • Snack should be steamed protein omelet with vegetables;
  • For lunch, vegetable soup, steamed vegetables, a piece of dried bread, compote of dried fruits;
  • At the snack tea cottage cheese casserole, a glass of unsweetened tea;
  • In the evening, mashed vegetables, a piece of meat or fish;
  • 2 hours before bedtime, you can drink a glass of kefir or ryazhenka.

What diet is indicated for children with this disease?

Baby питание при панкреатите

The menu for the day with pancreatitis for a child of 7 years should look like this:

  1. For breakfast there should be a steam omelette, porridge made of rolled oats, cereal coffee with milk;
  2. Lunch – non-fat cottage cheese with a high level of calcium;
  3. For lunch you should eat a soup of mashed grated rice and vegetables, with the addition of dill juice. Soup should be filled with a spoonful of sour cream. Young beef soufflé or steamed burger, all poured with milk sauce. Kissel from berries with a high level of vitamins;
  4. At lunchtime, you can drink a glass of rosehip broth with rosehip syrup, and you should also have snacks;
  5. In the evening, you need to eat a cod cutlet with a complex side dish of mashed potatoes and carrots. As well as a baked apple with honey;
  6. Bedtime – acidophilus and white bread croutons.

Recommendations and tips nutritionists

  • Diet for pancreatitis should be strictly followed the rules and for 6-12 months;
  • Be sure to exclude all prohibited products;
  • You should not eat fruits with high levels of acidity and sugar – grapes, cherries, bananas, plums, pineapples;
  • It is advisable to eat more liquid food, vegetable soup, low-fat meat or fish;
  • Bread should be stale, and only from wheat flour;
  • All you need to eat boiled or steamed.

Pancreatitis is a serious disease that causes severe discomfort. Be sure to from the first days of its appearance, you must observe proper nutrition..

It is required to exclude from its menu products that have a harmful effect on the pancreas. Also, be sure to strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor and the rules of nutrition..