Gastritis of the stomach is today one of the frequent diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which occurs when irregular nutrition, as well as the consumption of products that have in the composition of many chemicals.

Sparing диета при гастрите желудка

There are the following symptoms of the disease:

  1. Stomach ache;
  2. Frequent heartburn;
  3. Feeling of heaviness after eating;
  4. Heat;
  5. Diarrhea;
  6. Gusts of nausea and vomiting;
  7. The appearance of sour taste;
  8. General deterioration of health.

It should also be noted that gastritis of the stomach can occur without the symptoms mentioned..

Often, adolescents fall under this disease, and in their case gastritis is much easier to cure. However, there are several stages of its development, and if you do not stop the process in time, you can be at risk of developing an ulcer or cancer..

A competent approach to the treatment of gastritis of the stomach involves not only visiting special procedures and the use of drugs, but also a change in eating habits.

Based on the stage and type of disease, the doctor must prescribe a strict diet that must be followed. Otherwise, numerous drugs will be powerless in the fight against the problem..

The essence and rules of the diet

It is known that any power system is based on certain principles that are important to consider in order to achieve a result soon. The list of such principles may include:

  • Diet;
  • Diet;
  • Prohibited Products;
  • Allowed products;
  • Cooking methods;
  • Food temperature.

Moreover, some of these factors depend on the stage of development and the type of disease, and may vary during its course..

The main principle on which each diet is based is the diet. Doctors recommend a fractional (fractional) diet in the period of gastritis gastritis.

Its essence is to eat food in small portions, while increasing the standard number of receptions per day twice.

The essence of the first principle can be explained by the fact that fractional nutrition has a beneficial effect on the body’s metabolic processes, thereby helping the stomach to digest and assimilate food..

The mass of portions at fractional feeding should be equal to 150-200 g, and the time of breaks should be 4 hours. During breaks, you should drink plenty of fluids, considering that it is forbidden to drink water for the first 40-50 minutes after a meal (the specific time depends on the metabolic rate).

The second most important principle of the diet for gastritis of the stomach is the methods of cooking. Steam, cooking and baking are recommended..

The temperature of the prepared food before consumption should correspond to a stable body temperature, otherwise there is a risk to damage the gastric mucosa and aggravate the situation.

There are also the following rules for gastritis diets:

  1. Do not eat solid and liquid foods together;
  2. Limit yourself from foods rich in fiber, as it is hardly broken down by the body;
  3. Increase the amount of soft foods in the diet;
  4. Reduce salt intake to a minimum;
  5. Stop using hot spices;
  6. Increase the amount of vitamins, minerals and protein in the diet.

What can and can not?

Allowed продукты при заболевании гастритом

Products whose consumption is allowed during gastritis of the stomach:

  • Kashi made on water;
  • Soups, cooked on permitted vegetables;
  • Wheat bread;
  • Vegetables (potatoes, cauliflower, zucchini, beets, carrots, pumpkin);
  • Fruit only baked and cooked, as well as dishes from them (jelly, jam);
  • Honey;
  • Dairy products with low fat content;
  • Pasta products;
  • Tea (weak, as well as in combination with milk);
  • Herbal decoctions;
  • Scrambled eggs;
  • Natural marmalade or cookies;
  • Paste;
  • Bananas;
  • Baked apples;
  • Meat cutlets.

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It should be noted that:

  1. Sweet foods (biscuits, marmalade, pastila) should not contain additives;
  2. Only two types of fruit are allowed, while the rest may cause irritation of the gastric mucosa;
  3. It is important how to boil the food that relates to cereals and pasta..

Products that are strictly prohibited to consume during gastritis of the stomach include:

  • Fruits are high in fiber;
  • Vegetables (mushrooms, radish, garlic, cucumber, spinach, white cabbage, sorrel, onions, turnips);
  • Bread products;
  • Products from puff pastry;
  • Coffee and derivative drinks;
  • Products cooked by frying or smoking;
  • Broths on meat;
  • Meat and fish are high in fat;
  • Dairy products with high acidity;
  • Juices;
  • Eggs (hard boiled or fried);
  • Chocolate;
  • Chewing gum.

Diet menu for gastritis of the stomach for a week: low and high acidity

Elevated кислотность желудкаThere are many types and stages of this disease. First of all, it is divided as follows:

  1. With high acidity;
  2. With low acidity.

Although there is a certain nutritional system aimed at curing gastritis, each patient has its own peculiarities.

With the disease of gastritis with high acidity in the patient’s body begins the dynamic production of hydrochloric acid and gastric juice.

These substances have an irritating effect on the surface of the stomach, during which the organ ceases to function normally and digestion processes are disturbed..

The first rule on which the nutrition system for gastritis with high acidity is based is the elimination of products that lead to the production of hydrochloric acid and irritation of the gastric mucosa.

Otherwise, the lists of prohibited and allowed products remain unchanged..

Based on the general recommendations and features of food with gastritis with high acidity, you should make the following dietary scheme for the week:

Reception number Dishes
Monday

one

Rice porridge

Yogurt

Black tea with added milk

2 Paste

 

3 Vegetable soup without broth

Pumpkin Puree

four The juice
five Buckwheat without salt

Meat or fish cutlets

6 Ryazhenka
Tuesday

one

Omelette

Cheesecakes

Berry jam or honey

2 Crackers homemade

Berry Kissel

3 Boiled lean fish

Cream soup

four Dried fruits
five Noodles

Meatballs

6 Kefir
Wednesday

one

Scrambled eggs

Oatmeal

Herbal tea

2 Pumpkin juice
3 Pink salmon

Mashed Potatoes

four Apple Compote
five Carrot-Apple Salad
6 Cottage cheese
Thursday

one

Omelet with parsley

 

2 Marshmallow
3 Vegetable soup without broth

Pumpkin Puree

four The nuts
five Millet porridge

Fish Cutlets

6 Drinking yoghurt
Friday

one

Rice porridge

Yogurt

Hawthorn decoction

2 Dried fruits
3 Boiled lean fish

Nettle soup without broth

four Apple Jelly
five Pasta

Boiled beef

6 Ryazhenka
Saturday

one

Scrambled eggs

Herbal decoction

2 Rye Bread
3 Vegetable soup without broth

Pumpkin Puree

four An Apple
five Meat cutlets

Pumpkin juice

6 Milk
Sunday

one

Thin pancakes on kefir

Jam or honey

Milk

2 Paste
3 Cream soup

Dogrose broth

four Dried fruits
five Noodles

Pink salmon

6 Ryazhenka

Gastritis with low acidity is a disease that is accompanied by violations of digestion of food by the stomach. It also manifests through belching, diarrhea or constipation..

With low acidity, in contrast, should consume food that will stimulate the production of juice and stomach acid.

That is why the diet for this type of disease will differ somewhat from the above, and also follow the following principles:

  1. The presence of broth on meat and fish;
  2. Replacement of milk for fermented milk products only;
  3. Eating any fruits and berries, as well as juices from them;
  4. Eating salted and pickled foods.

So, a diet with low acidity will look like this:

Reception number Dishes
Monday

one

Rice porridge

Yogurt

Any decoction

2 Paste

 

3 Meat broth pickle

Mashed Potatoes

Salted cucumbers or gherkins

four Orange
five Buckwheat without salt

Fish Cutlets

6 Kefir
Tuesday

one

Thin pancakes on kefir

Berry jam or honey

2 Crackers homemade

Berry Kissel

3 Boiled lean fish

Solyanka

four Grapefruit
five Noodles

Meatballs

6 Kefir
Wednesday

one

Scrambled eggs

Buckwheat porridge

Black tea

2 Fruit juice
3 Pink salmon

Mashed Potatoes

four The nuts

Pear

five Fruit salad
6 Kefir
Thursday

one

Vegetable Smoothies
2 Marshmallow
3 Sorrel soup in meat broth

Korean carrot mashed potatoes

four The nuts
five Buckwheat porridge

Fish Cutlets

6 Drinking yoghurt
Friday

one

Rice porridge

Yogurt

Black tea

2 Berry Jelly
3 Boiled lean fish

Mashed Pork Zucchini

four Citrus Smoothie
five Boiled beef

Carrot-Apple Salad

6 Kefir
Saturday

one

Scrambled eggs

Orange Peel Tea

2 Rye Bread
3 Carrot soup in meat broth

Mashed Potatoes

Gherkins

four An Apple
five Meat cutlets

Pasta

Pumpkin juice

6 Milk
Sunday

one

Cheesecakes

Jam or honey

Herbal tea

2 Paste
3 Rassolnik

Dogrose broth

four Dried fruits
five Pink salmon

Mashed Potatoes

6 Ryazhenka

Recipes for gastritis gastritis

Despite the fact that any diet is limited in nutrition, there is an opportunity to learn how to cook special delicious dishes that bring pleasure..

Apple-carrot salad with nuts

Ingredients:

  • Carrots – 1 pc;
  • Apples – 2 pcs;
  • Honey – 1 tbsp. spoon;
  • Nuts – 1 handful.

Cooking method:

  1. Wash fruits and vegetables;
  2. Peel carrots;
  3. Grate carrots and apples, mix them in one bowl;
  4. Add liquid honey and nuts;
  5. Mix.

Cold appetizer – boiled meat

Ingredients:

  • Meat of veal – 200 g;
  • Parsley, dill – 2 bunches.

Meat с зеленью

Cooking method:

  1. Wash the meat;
  2. Cook the meat without adding salt;
  3. Cool;
  4. Decorate with greens.

The first dish is milk and potato cream soup.

Ingredients:

  • Water – 100 ml;
  • Vegetable oil – 1 tbsp. spoon;
  • Milk – 350 ml;
  • Potatoes – 200 g;
  • Semolina – 15 g.

Cooking method:

  1. Wash, peel, chop and boil potatoes;
  2. Cook semolina on milk;
  3. Add to the semolina potatoes;
  4. Cook for 2 minutes;
  5. Pour oil;
  6. Crush a lot.

How to eat in the period of acute illness

Nutrition в период обостренияExacerbation of gastritis is characterized by irritation of the stomach walls. During this period, it is important to continue to follow the diet prescribed for gastritis and drink medications..

At the same time, it is important to eat in such a way that consumed foods spared the stomach.

During the exacerbation should consume no more than 2800 kcal per day. You must not forget about the fractional diet, and eat 6 times a day.

Despite the fact that during a diet for gastritis, you should drink a large amount of liquid, during an exacerbation it is recommended not more than 1 liter of water per day.

To have a sparing effect on the stomach, you need to prepare food in certain ways, as well as wipe it thoroughly. It is recommended to increase the consumption of soups, mashed potatoes, mashed potatoes, pasta, cereals, etc..

As with the presence of increased acidity, during the period of exacerbation it is forbidden to eat products that irritate the stomach and stimulate the production of juice and acid.

Such products include not only fruits, berries, soda, but also dairy products. You should also limit the consumption of fatty and fried foods, broths.

Peculiarities of nutrition in erosive and atrophic gastritis

Erosive gastritis is a form of the disease, which is accompanied by partial destruction of the surface of the stomach. During atrophic gastritis, thinning of certain zones of the stomach wall occurs. This leads to the fact that the juice of the stomach interferes with mucus, and the body can not cope with the digestion and absorption of food..

In the presence of erosive or atrophic gastritis, one should adhere to the following principles:

  1. Fractional (fractional) nutrition;
  2. Good chewing food;
  3. Avoiding frying and smoking;
  4. Cooking by boiling, baking, steaming;
  5. Avoiding food with high acidity;
  6. Grinding meat and fish before cooking;
  7. Compliance with the average food temperature;
  8. Water consumption (not more than 1 l per day).

Doctor’s recommendations

Doctors are convinced that diets and medications prescribed for gastritis of the stomach, in most cases, are universal and depend on the stage and type of disease..

Also, experts believe that diet is the only effective way to cure gastritis, while medications are auxiliary elements and are ineffective without a specific nutrition system..

The recommendations of the doctors include tips to increase physical stress on the body during gastritis, or at least to spend time in an active way in the fresh air..

So, you can come to the following conclusions:

  • Gastritis of the stomach may develop asymptomatically;
  • The diet is the best way to cure the problem, while the drugs only contribute to it;
  • Diet for gastritis of the stomach includes the observance of two important principles: fractional nutrition and certain methods of cooking;
  • The designated nutritional system depends on the stage of development and the type of gastritis..